backBack to Educator Page   print  

Scope and Sequence

Learn to Read: Zac the Rat and other tales

 
Unit: ( click for detail ) Unit Objective: Additional Concept
 
01 Zac the Rat Short-A Alphabetical Order
02 Peg the Hen Short-E Directionality in print
03 The Big Hit Short-I Vowels
04 Mox's Shop Short-O and Digraph sh  
05 Gus the Duck Short-U Introduce Silent "e"
06 Jake's Tale Silent-E (-a-e) and Digraph wh  
07 Pete's Sheep Double-E and Digraph th  
08 Sky Ride Silent -E (-i-e) and Digraph ch  
09 Robot and Mr. Mole Silent-E (-o-e) Chunking
10 Dune Buggy Silent-E (-u-e) Lonely Vowel
11 Soap Boat Two-Vowels Go Walking  
12 Car Race R-Controlled "A"  
13 My Horse Glory R-Controlled "O"  
14 Surfer Girl R-Controlled Vowels  
15 My Family "Y" as /igh/ or /ee/  
 
Unit 01 Zac the Rat Unit Objective: Short-A as in "rat"
Zac the Rat Online Book
Download:
Black & White [344k]
  1. Zac is a rat.
  2. Zac sat on a can.
  3. The ants ran to the jam.
  4. Zac had a pan.
  5. Zac had a fan.
  6. The ants ran and ran.
  7. Zac had a nap.
Story Words:

a
and
ants
can

fan
had
is
jam

nap
on
pan
ran

rat
sat
the
to

Zac
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying /a/ CVC words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending /a/ CVC words

Manipulating word families -an and -at

Make a Word with -an: can, fan, pan, ran
Make a Word with -at: bat, cat, hat, rat
Additional Concept:

How the Alphabet Got its Order:
A review of the Alphabet and an introduction to Alphabetical Order.

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Short-A

Block Print [395k]

Manuscript [324k]

1

Phonics: Word Family -an

2

Phonics: Medial sound /a/
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

3

High-Frequency Vocabulary: To, the, a, and, is, look

4

Phonics: Initial sounds in Short-A words

5

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Short-A words

6

Phonemic Awareness: /a/
Writing: With Short-A words

Unit 02 Peg the Hen Unit Objective: Short E as in "hen"
Peg the Hen Online Book
Download:
Black & White [292k]
  1. Peg is a red hen.
  2. Peg gets set to go.
  3. Peg gets in a jet.
  4. The jet is fast.
  5. Peg gets wet.
  6. The jet gets in a web!
  7. Peg falls and falls!
  8. Peg falls into bed.
Story Words:

a
and
bed
blue
falls

fast
gets
go
green
hen
in
into
is
jet
Peg
pink
purple
red
set
the
to
web
wet

 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying /e/ CVC words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending /e/ CVC words

Manipulating word families -en and -et and -all

Make a Word with -en: hen, men, pen, ten  
Make a Word with -et: jet, net, pet, wet  
Additional Concept:
How We Read and Write: directionality in reading and writing.
Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Short-E

Block Print [286k]

Manuscript [302k]

7

Phonics: Word Family -en

8

Phonics: Word Family -all
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

9

High-Frequency Vocabulary: Here, go, in, of, into, away

10

Phonics: Medial sound /e/
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

11

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Short-E words

12

Phonemic Awareness: /e/
Writing: With Short-E words

Unit 03 The Big Hit Unit Objective: Short I as in "big"
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [351k]
  1. The tin man has a bat.
  2. Jill has a mitt.
  3. Zac has a big ball.
  4. Will he hit the ball?
  5. The ball hits the mitt.
  6. The tin man will not give up!
  7. The tin man hits the ball!
Story Words:

a
ball
bat
big

give
has
he
hit
hits
Jill
man
mitt
not
the
tin
up
will
Zac

 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying /i/ CVC words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending /i/ CVC words

Manipulating word families -in and -ip

Make a Word with -ig: dig, pig, wig, big  
Make a Word with -ip: dip, rip, sip, zip  
Additional Concept:

Vowels Save the Day: Introduction to vowels a, e, i, o, u and a demonstration of how they help us make words in pat, met, fun

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Short-I

Block Print [312k]

Manuscript [391k]

13

Phonics: Word Family -ig

14

Phonics: Word Families -ick and -ing

15 High Frequency Vocabulary: Up, has, give, no, he, not
16

Phonics: Medial sound /i/
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

17

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Short-I words

18

Punctuation: All sentences begin with capital letters; Telling sentences end with a period.

Unit 04 Mox's Shop Unit Objective: Short O as in "fox"
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [335k]
  1. Mox is a fox.
  2. Mox has a shop.
  3. Bob is a hog.
  4. Bob helps Mox.
  5. They mix eggs in a pot.
  6. Bob drops the eggs.
    What a mess!
  7. Bob mops and mops.
  8. "Good job!" says Mox.
Story Words:

a
and
Bob
drops
eggs

fox
good
has
helps
hog
in
is
job
mess
mix
mops
Mox
pot
says
shop

the
they
what

 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying /o/ CVC words and words containing Digraph sh

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending /o/ CVC words

Manipulating word families -ot , -og, -op and -ox

Make a Word with -ot: cot, dot, hot, pot  

Make a Word with -og: dog, fog, hog, log

And words containing the Digraph sh (see interactive lesson)

 
Interactive Phonic Lesson:

Digraph sh : Click on the letters to recognize and hear /sh/ in words like: sheep, she, wish, fish, shop

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Short-O

Block Print [286k]

Manuscript [269k]

19

Phonics: Word Family -og

20

Phonics: Word Families -ot and -op

21

High-Frequency Vocabulary: say, they, good, we, too, do

22

Phonics: Medial sound /o/
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

23

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Short-O words

24

Alphabetical Order
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

Unit 05 Gus the Duck Unit Objective: Short U as in "duck"
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [332k]
  1. Gus runs in the mud.
  2. Gus gets in the tub.
  3. The tub has suds.
  4. Gus rubs and rubs.
  5. Gus has a sub.
  6. A bug is in the sub!
  7. It is fun in the tub.
  8. Gus hugs the bug.
Story Words:

a
and
bug
fun

gets
Gus
has
hugs

in
is
it
mud
rubs
runs
sub
suds
the
tub
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying /u/ CVC words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending /u/ CVC words

Manipulating the word family -u

Make a Word with -ug
bug, hug, mug, rug

Review Short-Vowel Words:
Make a Match Short vowel review:
Level I: CVC words
Level II: CCVC and CVCC words
Level III: CCVC, CVCC, and CCVCC words

 
Additional Concept:

The Amazing Silent E: demonstrates how the silent e at the end of the word helps the vowel say its name, and can change words: at-->ate, tap-->tape, bit-->bite

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Short-U

Block Print [338k]

Manuscript [407k]

25

Phonics: Word Family -ub

26

Phonics: Initial sounds /b/ and /d/

27

High-Frequency Vocabulary: This, yes, play, she, my, have

28

Phonics: Medial sound /u/
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

29

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Short-U words

30

Writing: What is Fun to Do?
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

Unit 06 Jake's Tale Unit Objective: Long A and the Silent-E
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [293k]
  1. This is Jake.
  2. Jake makes waves.
  3. A whale is in the waves.
  4. Is Jake safe?
  5. Yes, the whale came to play.
  6. Whales make big waves.
  7. They like the same game. 
Story Words:

a
big
came
game

in
is
Jake
like

make(s) makes
play
same

the
they
this
to
waves
whale
whales
yes

 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Long-A CVCE words and words containing the Digraph wh

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending Silent-E Long-A words

Make a Word Add the Silent-E: can/e, man/e, plan/e, van/e  

Picture Hunt: cane, lake, snake, plane, gate, cave, skate, rake

And words containing the Digraph wh (see interactive lesson)

 
Interactive Phonic Lesson:

Digraph wh : Click on the letters to recognize and hear /hw/ in words like: whale, what, when, where, why

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Long-A Block Print [267k] Manuscript [307k]
31

Phonics: -a-e words
Comprehension: Match the words to pictures

32

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Long-A words

33

Phonics: Initial sound /hw/ (digraph wh)
Writing: Sentence with wh words

34

Comprehension: Match Long-A words to pictures

35

Comprehension: Silly sentences with Long-A words
Comprehension: Brainwork! Illustrate a sentence

36

Concept Development: Asking Words

Unit 07 Pete's Sheep Unit Objective: Long E as in Double-E
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [403k]
  1. Pete can not sleep.
  2. Pete needs help.
  3. "Think of sheep," says Mom.
  4. "One, two, three sheep,"
     says Pete.
  5. Then Pete sees sheep!
  6. The sheep run past the tree!
  7. At last, Pete can sleep.
Story Words:

at
can
help
last
Mom

needs
not
of
one
past

Pete
run
says
sees
sheep

sleep
the
then
think
three

tree
two

 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Long-E CVVC words and words containing the Digraph th

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending Long-E Double-E words

Make Double-E Words: heel, deer, peel, seed

Manipulating the word family -ink

 

Make a Word with -ink: pink, sink, drink, wink

And words containing the Digraph th (see interactive lesson)

 
Interactive Phonic Lesson:
Digraph th : Click on the letters to recognize and hear /th/ in words like: earth, thing, teeth, think, with
Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Long-E Block Print [340k] Manuscript [412k]
37

Phonics: -ee- words
Comprehension: Match the words to pictures

38

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Double-E words

39

Phonics: Initial sound /sh/ (digraph sh)
Writing: Sentence with sh words

40

Phonics: Word family -ink
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

41 Phonics: Review initial wh and sh
Comprehension: Brainwork! Categorization
42 Punctuation: Quotation Marks
Unit 08 Sky Ride Unit Objective: Long I and the Silent-E
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [326k]
  1. Spot is black and white.
  2. He rides bikes with
    Mike and Spike.
  3. Mike has a kite.
  4. "Let's chase Mike,"
     says Spike.
  5. They play hide and seek.
  6. "Let's go down," says Mike.
  7. Yikes! They land in slime!
Story Words:

a
and
bikes
black
chase
down

go
has
he
hide
in
is
kite
land
let's
Mike
play
rides
says
seek
slime
Spike
Spot
they
white
with
yikes
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Long-I CVCE words and words containing the Digraph ch

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending Silent-E Long-I words

Make Long-I Words: bike, kite, hide, five

Review High-Frequency Vocabulary
Make a Match High-Frequency Word Review: the, go, we, you, do, of, says, very, give, what, they, some, could, away, there, about, look, when

And words containing the Digraph ch (see interactive lesson)

 
Interactive Phonic Lesson:

Digraph ch : Click on the letters to recognize and hear /ch/ in words like: each, chase, cheese, much, such

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Long-I Block Print [174k] Manuscript [214k]
43

Phonics: -i-e words
Comprehension: Match the words to pictures

44

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Long-I words

45

Phonics: Initial sound /ch/ (digraph ch)
Writing: Sentence with ch words

46

High Frequency Vocabulary: What, down, are, I, guess, where

47

Punctuation: Contractions with "not"

48

Phonics: Initial blend "sl"
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! medial sound

Unit 09 Robot and Mr. Mole Unit Objective: Long O and the Silent-E
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [279k]
  1. This is a robot.
  2. His nose is a cone.
  3. His legs are made of hose.
  4. He falls into a hole.
  5. Mr. Mole is in the hole.
  6. "I can help," says Mr. Mole.
  7. "Go up this rope,"
     says Mr. Mole.
  8. "Thanks Mr. Mole!"
     says the robot.
Story Words:

a
are
can
cone
falls
go

he
help
his
hole
hose
I
in
into
is
legs
made
Mr. Mole
nose
of
robot
rope
says
thanks
the
this
up
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Long-O CVCE words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending Silent-E Long-O words

Make Long-O Words: mole, poke, rope, cone  
Picture Hunt: bone, pole, mole, rose, hose, cone, robe, rope  
Additional Decoding Concept:

Chunk That Word!: Demonstrates how breaking up words into smaller "chunks" can help you decode. Interactive chunking movie at the end of the song includes: animal, beside, butterfly, caterpillar, computer, daddy, family, mommy, normal, number

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Long-O Block Print [316k] Manuscript [345k]
49

Phonics: -o-e words
Comprehension: Match the words to pictures

50

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Long-O words

51

Phonics: Initial sound voiced /th/ (digraph th)
Writing: Sentence with th words

52

Comprehension: Match Long-O words to pictures

53

Comprehension: Silly sentences with Long-O words
Comprehension: Brainwork! Illustrate a sentence

54

Punctuation: ?, ! and .

Unit 10 Dune Buggy Unit Objective: Long U and the Silent-E
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [403k]
  1. Luke's best buddy is
    Dune Buggy
  2. They play in the
    sand dunes.
  3. They turn left (right).
  4. Dune Buggy rides on
    his back wheels.
  5. They drive under the dunes.
  6. Luke and Dune Buggy spin.
  7. Luke and Dune Buggy
    rule the dunes!
Story Words:

and
back
best
buddy
Buggy

drive
Dune
dunes
his
in

is
left
Luke's
on
play
rides
right
rule
spin
the
they
turn
under
wheels
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Long-U CVCE words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending Silent-E Long-U words

Make Long-U Words: cube, flute, mule, tune

Review Long-Vowel Words:
Make a Match Long Vowel Review:
Level I: CVCE, and CEE, words
Level II: CVCE, CCVCE, CCEE, and CCEEC words
Level III: CVCE, CCVCE, CEEC, and CCCEE words

 
Additional Decoding Concept:

Lonely Vowel: Learn to recognize lonely vowels at the end of words. Vocabulary includes, so, go, no, ago, he, she, me, be, we.

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Long-U Block Print [174k] Manuscript [345k]
55

Phonics: -u-e words
Comprehension: Match the words to pictures

56

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Long-U words

57

Punctuation: Contractions with "will"

58

Phonics: Word Family -ing
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

59

Phonics: Review initial ch and th
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! medial sound

60

High-Frequency Vocabulary: Me, find, you, live, little, be

Unit 11 The Soap Boat Unit Objective: Long Vowel Letter Pairs ea, oa, ai
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [393k]
  1. "My soap boat is sailing
    away!" cries Joe (Joan).
  2. The soap boat is lost
    in the sea.
  3. "What is this?"
    says a fish.
  4. A whale is under
    the water.
  5. The soap boat floats
    on top.
  6. A bird grabs the
    soap boat.
  7. The bird drops the
    soap boat.
  8. "It's my soap boat!"
    says Joe (Joan).
Story Words:

a
away
bird
boat
cries
drops

fish
floats
grabs
in
is
it's

Joan
Joe
lost
my
on
sailing

sea
says
soap
the
this
top

under
water
whale
what
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Long-Vowel Words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending Long-Vowel Letter-Pair words

Make a Word with Long-Vowel Letter Pairs: mail, rain, team, read, boat, soap

Word Sorting with Long-Vowel Letter Pairs

 
Reinforce Decoding Concept:

Two Vowels: Learn to recognize Long-Vowel letter pairs in words like coat, goat, leaf, maid, read, road, tail, team,and wait.

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Two Vowels Block Print [434k] Manuscript [399k]
61

Phonics: Long-O words as in "coat"
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

62

Comprehension: Sentence Completion with Long-A words as in "mail"

63

Phonics: Medial sound Long-E as in "leaf"
Comprehension: Brainwork! Categorization

64

Comprehension: Match Long-Vowel Letter-Pair words to pictures

65

Comprehension: Silly sentences with Long-Vowel Letter-Pair words
Comprehension: Brainwork! Illustrate a sentence

66

Phonics: Inflected ending "ing"

Unit 12 Car Race Unit Objective:R-Controlled A as in "car"
Online Book
Download:
Black & White[463k]
  1. Carla and Mark have go carts.
  2. Carla is number five.
    Mark is number seven.
  3. "Let's race," says Mark.
  4. Get ready, get set, go!
  5. Carla can't pass Mark.
  6. Mark hits a bump.
  7. Carla is in the lead.
  8. Carla wins! She is the star.
Story Words:

a
and
bump
can't
Carla
carts
eight

five
four
get
go
have
he
hits

in
is
lead
let's
Mark
nine
number
one
pass
race
ready
says
set
seven
she
six
star
the
three
two
wins
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying R-Controlled A Words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending R-Controlled A Words
Make R-Controlled A Words: farm, harp, park, card

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: R Controlled A Block Print [413k] Manuscript [412k]
67

Phonics: R-Controlled A words as in "car"
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

68

Writing: A Garden

69

Phonics: C as /k/ and C as /s/

70

Phonics: Final Sound /ch/ (digraph ch)
Writing: Sentence with ch words

71

Phonics: Initial and final blend "st"
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! medial sound

72

Comprehension: Opposites

Unit 13 My Horse Glory Unit Objective: R-Controlled Vowel O as in "Horse"
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [366k]
  1. My name is Tory. I live on a farm.
  2. I have a horse.
    Her name is Glory.
  3. Glory plays in her corral.
  4. I forgot to close the gate and Glory got out.
  5. I had to find her!
  6. I found her with a thorn in her foot.
  7. I called the animal doctor for help.
  8. Now Glory is back to normal.
Story Words:

a
and
animal
back
called
close
corral
doctor

farm
find
foot
for
forgot
found
gate
Glory
got
had
have
help
her
horse
I
in
is
live
my
name
normal
now
on
out
plays
the
thorn
to
Tory
with
 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying R-Controlled O Words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending R-Controlled O Words
Make R-Controlled O words: corn, fork, fort, horn

Picture Hunt: horse, fork, unicorn, horn, storm, score  
Level I Writing Journal:
Download: R Controlled O Block Print [268k] Manuscript [371k]
73

Phonics: R-Controlled O words as in "corn"
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

74

Writing: The Sports I Like

75

Phonics: Final Sound /th/ (digraph th)
Writing: Sentence with th words

76

Comprehension: Match R-Controlled O words to pictures

77

Comprehension: Silly sentences with R-Controlled O words
Comprehension: Brainwork! Illustrate a sentence

78

Compound Words

Unit 14 Surfer Girl Unit Objective: R-Controlled Vowel E, I, U as in "surfer" and "girl"
Online Book
Download:
Black & White[323k]
  1. Fern likes to surf at Bird Rock.
  2. Bird Rock has the best waves.
  3. Here is a big wave.
    Fern has to turn fast.
  4. Here is a bigger wave.
    Fern swims to meet it.
  5. Here comes the biggest wave.
  6. The wave curls over and makes a tube.
  7. Surfing in the tube is fun!
  8. Fern wants to surf all day.
    Her dad says, "No way."
Story Words:

a
all
and
at
best
big
bigger
biggest
Bird

Rock
comes
curls
dad
day
fast
Fern
fun
has

her 
here
in
is
it
likes
makes
meet
no

over
says
surf
surfing
swims
the
to
tube
turn

wants
wave
waves
way

 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Long-Vowel Words

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending R-Controlled E, I, U words
Make R-Controlled I, E, and U words: herd, fern, bird, girl, dirt, curl, hurt, turn, burn

Word Sorting with R-Controlled Vowels

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: R Controlled Vowels Block Print [273k] Manuscript [395k]
79

Phonics: R-Controlled I words as in "bird"
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

80

Writing: With R-Controlled E, I, U words

81

High Frequency Words: Want, way, come, by, love, ready

82

Phonics: Final Sound /sh/ (digraph sh)
Writing: Sentence with sh words

83

Phonics: Final sound /er/
Comprehension: Brainwork! Categorization

84

Comprehension: Superlatives

Unit 15 My Family Unit Objective: Y as a Vowel as in "my" and "family"
Online Book
Download:
Black & White [393k]
  1. This is my family.
    Mommy, Daddy and me.
  2. Mommy is going to
    have a baby.
  3. She brings home a new baby sister.
  4. "This is Tiny," says Daddy.
  5. "Does she like big trucks?" I ask.
  6. "Tiny likes you," says Mommy.
  7. I act silly for Tiny.
  8. Tiny smiles. I love Tiny.
Story Words:

a
act
and
ask
baby
big
brings

Daddy
does
family
for
going
have
home
I
is
like
likes
love
me
Mommy
my
new
says
she
silly
sister
smiles
this
Tiny
to
trucks
you

 

 

Phonemic Awareness:
Hearing and identifying Y as /ee/ and Y as /igh/

Phonics:
Identifying, decoding and comprehending Y as /ee/ and Y as /igh/ words.

Picture Hunt: daisy, candy, baby, berry, lady, pony

Make a Match R-Controlled and other vocabulary review:
Level I: CVRC and CVVC words
Level II: CVRCE, CCVRC and CCVVC words
Level III: CVRCVR, CVRCVC, VCCVR, and words ending in Y

 
Reinforce Decoding Concept:

Y TV!: Demonstrates how "y" can sometimes be a vowel, as in long i or e.

Level I Writing Journal:
Download: Y as a Vowel Block Print [313k] Manuscript [296k]
Download: Extra Practice Block Print [293k] Manuscript [256k]
85

Phonics: y as /ee/ and y as /igh/

86

Writing: Review vocabulary

87

Compound Words

88

Comprehension: Match R-Controlled O words to pictures

89

Comprehension: Silly sentences with R-Controlled O words
Comprehension: Brainwork! Illustrate a sentence

90

Writing: My Family

91

Phonics: Word Family -own
Phonemic Awareness: Brainwork! Rhyming

92

Comprehension: Opposites

93

Comprehension: Number Words

94

Compound Words

95

Writing: This Year at School

© 2002–2012 Starfall Education